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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.16.2012.tde-05092015-112507
Document
Author
Full name
Margarida Júlia Farias de Salles Andrade
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Bueno, Beatriz Piccolotto Siqueira (President)
Castro, José Liberal de
Leme, Maria Cristina da Silva
Reis Filho, Nestor Goulart
Salgado, Ivone
Title in Portuguese
Fortaleza em perspectiva histórica: poder público e iniciativa privada na apropriação e produção material da cidade (1810-1933)
Keywords in Portuguese
Fortaleza
Poder e iniciativa
Produção material
Abstract in Portuguese
A tese investiga as transformações urbanísticas ocorridas em Fortaleza entre 1810 e 1933, examinando as ações do poder público e o papel da iniciativa privada na apropriação e produção material da cidade, com foco no espaço intraurbano, na sua tessitura e nos atores envolvidos. À luz da história da urbanização, entendida como um processo social em suas diferentes escalas (local, regional, nacional e internacional) trata na longa duração as permanências e momentos de inflexão. Pretende contribuir ao experimentar novas possibilidades de interpretação da história do urbanismo com base na espacialização e sobreposição de fontes primárias de naturezas diversas - plantas, planos de expansão, códigos de posturas, censos, décimas urbanas, etc - com vistas a interpretar a dinâmica de transformação da cidade em diferentes momentos. A hipótese central é que, até 1933, a cidade de Fortaleza cresceu induzida por planos e normas de regulação urbanística elaborados pelo poder público, mas foi edificada pelas mãos da iniciativa privada. Identifica os protagonistas do setor privado vinculados à produção material da cidade, dandolhes face, configurando perfis individuais e de grupo, e, sobretudo, quantificando e espacializando seus imóveis. Verificou-se que os maiores proprietários de imóveis urbanos eram negociantes (lusitanos, cearenses e estrangeiros) envolvidos com o comércio internacional.
Title in English
Fortaleza in historical perspective : government and private sector in the ownership and material production of the city (1810-1933)
Keywords in English
Government ande private
Material production
Abstract in English
This thesis investigates urban transformations that took place in the city of Fortaleza (Brazil) between 1810 and 1933, examining governmental action and the role of the private sector in relation to land ownership and physical building of that city, focusing on its interurban space, its organization and actors involved. Given the history of urbanization, understood as a social process in its different scales - local, regional, national and international - this study sought to deal, in a long-term historical perspective, with this process continuities and ruptures. This thesis aims at contributing to develop new possibilities of its interpreting town planning history based on urban maps produced from primary sources of various kinds - city blue prints, urban development plans, legislation, census, and urban taxes archives - in order to interpret Fortaleza's urban dynamic at different times. The central hypothesis is that, until 1933, Fortaleza's growth was induced by urban regulatory plans produced by the public government, but the city was built by the private sector. It identifies the main roles of those involved in the private sector linked to the physical production of the city, giving them a face, setting individual and group profiles, and, above all, quantifying and spatializing their properties within the city fabric. It can, also, be noticed that largest urban estate landowners were businesspeople (from Ceará, Portuguese, and other foreigners) involved with international trade.
 
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Publishing Date
2015-09-16
 
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