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Master's Dissertation
Document
Author
Full name
Renata de Souza Prado
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2019
Supervisor
Committee
Toledo, Geraldo Luciano (President)
Crispim, Sergio Feliciano
Marques, Jane Aparecida
Minciotti, Silvio Augusto
Title in Portuguese
Empreendedorismo e estratégia na ótica das abordagens effectuation e causation: um estudo com empreendedores com antecedente de carreira como executivos
Keywords in Portuguese
Empreendedorismo
Estratégia organizacional
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente trabalho teve por objetivo compreender o comportamento dos empreendedores no processo de gestão estratégica de seus negócios e a influência de suas experiências como executivos de empresas consolidadas. Para tanto, avaliaram-se as ações executadas por eles na condução das várias etapas deste processo na ótica das abordagens effectuation e causation. A estratégia do empreendedor não é planejada de maneira coerente ou prescrita de maneira determinista, portanto há necessidade de se considerarem abordagens que compreendam o comportamento empreendedor segundo uma visão não determinística e não linear. A abordagem estratégica transformativa effectuation propõe um processo empreendedor orientado para a ação e de maneira não-preditiva, tomando decisões a partir de escolhas entre os efeitos que podem ser produzidos de um dado conjunto de meios. Já a abordagem clássica causation sugere que os comportamentos sigam um planejamento estruturado para atingir um objetivo preexistente (SARASVATHY, 2001a; WILTBANK et al., 2006). Para atingir o objetivo do estudo, foi realizada uma pesquisa qualitativa de caráter exploratório com nove empreendedores e, como resultado, verificou-se que os comportamentos baseados na lógica effectuation foram predominantes entre os entrevistados. Concluiu-se que os empreendedores dão início aos seus negócios com objetivos mais amplos e ambíguos, e foram construindo a empresa por meio de parcerias, a adaptação ou criação de novos objetivos, respondendo às contingências e oportunidades que surgiram no caminho.
Title in English
Entrepreneurship and strategy from the perspective of effectuation and causation approaches: a study with entrepreneurs with career background as executives
Keywords in English
Causation
Effectuation
Entrepreneurship
Organizational strategy
Abstract in English
This study aimed to understand the entrepreneurial behavior in the process of strategic management of their business and the influence of their experiences as executives in consolidated companies. Therefore, we evaluated the actions performed by the entrepreneur in conducting the various stages of this process from the perspective of effectuation and causation approaches. The entrepreneur's strategy is not planned in a coherent or deterministically prescribed manner, so there is a need to consider approaches that understand entrepreneurial behavior in a non-deterministic, non-linear view. The transformative strategic effectuation approach proposes an action-oriented and non-predictive entrepreneurial process, making decisions from choices among the effects that can be produced from a given set of means. The classical causation approach, however, suggests that entrepreneurial behaviors follow structured planning to achieve a pre-existing goal (SARASVATHY, 2001a; WILTBANK et al., 2006). To reach the study objective, a qualitative exploratory research was carried out with nine entrepreneurs. As results, it was verified that behaviors based on the logic effectuation were predominant among the entrepreneurs interviewed. It was concluded that entrepreneurs start their business with broader and more ambitious goals, and they built the company through partnership, and adaptation or creation of new objectives, using the contingencies and opportunities that arose along the way.
 
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CorrigidoRenata.pdf (1.50 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2019-07-11
 
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