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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2009.tde-14042009-094100
Document
Author
Full name
Joice Bissoloti Brigati
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Carrer, Helaine (President)
Araujo, Welington Luiz de
Pascholati, Sergio Florentino
Title in Portuguese
Análise anatômica e molecular do albedo de frutos de Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck 'Pêra' na interação com Guignardia citricarpa
Keywords in Portuguese
Amido
Anatomia vegetal
Fungos fitopatogênicos
Laranja
Mancha Preta
Morfologia vegetal
Resistência genética vegetal.
Abstract in Portuguese
A produção brasileira de laranjas destina-se à indústria de suco concentrado, principal produto citrícola, sendo o estado de São Paulo o maior produtor e exportador do país. Devido à diminuição da variabilidade genética causada pela multiplicação de plantas cítricas por enxertia, esta cultura se tornou alvo constante de inúmeras pragas e doenças. Dentre estas doenças que vem causando crescentes prejuízos para a citricultura brasileira destaca-se a pinta preta causada pelo fungo Guignardia citricarpa Kiely. O combate desta doença é feito por inúmeras pulverizações de fungicidas que aumenta significativamente o custo para os produtores. Uma possível alternativa para o combate a este patógeno seria a produção de plantas cítricas resistentes a doença, através de transformação gênica. Mas para isto, é necessário conhecer os mecanismos de respostas de defesa da planta e identificar quais genes podem estar relacionados com a defesa. Na tentativa de elucidar as respostas de defesa deste hospedeiro foram feitas análises anatômicas de frutos de laranja doce (Citrus sinensis Osbeck cv. Pêra) inoculados com o patógeno e análise transcricional de duas bibliotecas de cDNA, uma de albedo de frutos sadios(BAFS) e outra de albedo de frutos inoculados com o patógeno (BAFC). As análises anatômicas mostraram que os danos causados pelo patógeno na planta iniciam-se 24 horas após a inoculação com as lesões das células do epicarpo, e continuam gradativamente até 72 horas apresentando a diminuição na quantidade de amido e acúmulo de compostos fenólicos. Foi obtido 184 ESTs válidas da BAFS e 370 da BAF. A anotação e categorização destas sequencias apresentaram que o perfil transcricional encontrado nas duas bibliotecas foi semelhante, porém, na BAFC, foram encontrados transcritos pertencentes à defesa da planta como a catalase, a glutationa e monooxygenases. Está analise mostrou que a resposta de defesa da planta inicia-se com lesões nas células, que a interação é custo-intensiva (redução da reserva de amido) para o hospedeiro, e que a defesa da planta está relacionada a muitos genes de defesa.
Title in English
Anatomic and molecular analysis of the fruit albedo of Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck pêra in the interaction with Guignardia citricarpa
Keywords in English
cDNA.
Differential anatomy
Disease resistance
Orange
Starch
Abstract in English
The Brazilian production of oranges is mainly for the industry of concentrated juice, it is the most important citrus product, and the state of São Paulo is the largest producer and exporter of the country. Due to the low genetic variability caused by the multiplication of citrus plants by grafting, this culture became constant target of many pests and diseases. Among all the diseases that lead to elevated damage to the Brazilian citrus plantation, one is very relevant, the Black Spot disease caused by the fungus Guignardia citricarpa Kiely. The control of this disease is done by many sprays of fungicides that significantly increase the production cost to the producers. A possible alternative to control this pathogen is the development of resistant citrus plants to disease through genetic transformation. To that, it is necessary to understand the mechanisms of plant defense response and identify the genes related to the defense. In an attempt to elucidate the responses of this host both,anatomical analysis of sweet orange fruits (Citrus sinensis Osbeck cv. Pêra) inoculated with the pathogen and transcriptional analysis of two cDNA libraries of albedo section were done. One was from health fruits (BAFS) and another from albedo of fruits inoculated with the pathogen (BAFC). The analysis showed that the anatomical damage caused by the pathogen in the plant shall begin 24 hours after inoculation showing lesions on epicarp cells, and continue gradually until 72 hours also showing a decrease in the amount of starch and accumulation of phenolic compounds. It was obtained 184 valid ESTs of the BAFS and 370 from BAFC. The annotation and categorization of these sequences showed that the transcriptional profile in the two libraries were similar, however, in BAFC, were found transcripts belonging to plant defense such as catalase, the glutathione and monooxygenases. These analyses showed that the plant defense response begins with lesions in the cells, being it cost-intensive interaction for the host, (with reduction of starch reserves) and the plant defense to resistance is related to many genes.
 
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Publishing Date
2009-04-16
 
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