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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2013.tde-10092013-160116
Document
Author
Full name
Gabriela Ferraz Leone
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Almeida, Marcilio de (President)
Andreote, Fernando Dini
Piotto, Fernando Angelo
Title in Portuguese
Estabelecimento de protocolo para controlar a manifestação de bactérias endofíticas no processo de multiplicação in vitro de eucalipto
Keywords in Portuguese
Agentes antimicrobianos
Bactérias endofíticas
Eucalipto
Manifestação microbiana
Micropropagação
Abstract in Portuguese
A presença de bactérias no cultivo in vitro de plantas é normalmente relacionada à contaminação, acarretando o descarte de microplantas de alto valor comercial. No entanto, essa presença pode ser caracterizada como "manifestações", decorrentes de possíveis estresses físicos ou nutricionais, da microbiota endofítica, que coloniza ativamente os tecidos vegetais, e que não necessariamente, afeta o desenvolvimento da planta. Sendo assim, o objetivo deste trabalho foi controlar a manifestação bacteriana, preservando as microcepas de Eucalyptus cloeziana em desenvolvimento in vitro, adicionando-se ao meio de cultura, os antibióticos gentamicina, ciprofloxacina, rifampicina, timentin (isolados ou combinados entre si) e o biocida clorometil-isotiazolinona + metil-isotiazolinona. O monitoramento do trabalho foi realizado por meio de avaliações semanais, visando verificar possíveis influências dos agentes antimicrobianos na morfofisiologia do vegetal e a eficiência no controle das manifestações bacterianas. Para tanto, foram avaliados parâmetros referentes ao incremento de massa seca, número de brotações, teor de acúmulo de nutrientes, análises histológicas e histoquímicas das microcepas. Para verificar possíveis flutuações das comunidades bacterianas endofíticas nas microcepas, utilizou-se a técnica de DGGE. Todas as análises foram realizadas aos 15 e 30 dias após a adição dos agentes antimicrobianos no meio de cultura, exceto a avaliação nutricional que foi feita apenas no final do experimento (30 dias). Os resultados obtidos permitiram inferir que ao longo dos 30 dias de cultivo, o antibiótico gentamicina, ocasionou queda no desenvolvimento das microcepas e não foi eficiente no controle das manifestações bacterianas. Os antibióticos rifampicina e ciprofloxacina apesar de não serem efetivos no controle da manifestação bacteriana, não afetaram o desenvolvimento das microcepas. Conclui-se que, o biocida clorometil-isotiazolinona + metil-isotiazolinona efetivamente controlou as manifestações bacterianas, sem alterar a morfofisiologia das microcepas, bem como o timentin, que além de controlar as manifestações, proporcionou maior vigor das microcepas em função da melhor assimilação dos nutrientes.
Title in English
Protocol establishment to control the manifestation of endophytic bacteria in the process of Eucalyptus in vitro multiplication
Keywords in English
Antimicrobial agents
Endophytic bacteria
Eucalyptus
Manifestation microbial
Micropropagation
Abstract in English
The in vitro bacterial presence in plant cultivation, usually is related to contamination, resulting in the elimination of the microplants with high commercial value. However, this presence can be characterized as "manifestations" arising from possible physical or nutritional stresses, from microbial endophytic that actively colonize plant tissues, and do not necessarily affect plant development. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to control the bacterial manifestation, preserving in vitro developing of Eucalyptus cloeziana microstumps, by adding to the culture medium, the antibiotics gentamicin, ciprofloxacin, rifampicin, timentin (alone or combined) and biocide + chloromethyl isothiazolinone methyl-isothiazolinone. The monitoring work was conducted through weekly evaluations, to verify the possible influence of antimicrobial agents in the plant morphophysiology and the efficient control of bacterial manifestations. Therefore, were evaluated parameters related to the increase in dry weight, number of buds, content of nutrient accumulation, histological and histochemical the microstumps. DGGE technique was used to check possible fluctuations of endophytic bacterial communities in microstumps. All analyzes were performed at 15 and 30 days after the addition of antimicrobial agents in the culture medium, except for the nutritional assessment that was made only at the end of the experiment (30 days). The results allow to infer that over the 30 days of culture, the antibiotic gentamicin, resulted in the microstumps development decrease and was not effective in controlling bacterial manifestations. The antibiotics rifampicin and ciprofloxacin although were not effective in controlling the bacterial manifestation, affected the development of microstumps. It was concluded that the biocide chloromethyl-methyl-Isothiazolinone + Isothiazolinone effectively controlled the bacterial manifestations without modifying the morphophysiology of the microstumps, well as the timentin, which besides controlling the manifestations, provided greater vigor of microstumps due to better assimilation of nutrients.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-09-19
 
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