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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2004.tde-01102004-111847
Document
Author
Full name
Simone Pacheco Lombardi
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2003
Supervisor
Committee
Gloria, Beatriz Appezzato da (President)
Kraus, Jane Elizabeth
Passos, Ilene Ribeiro da Silva
Title in Portuguese
Estudos anatômicos e fisiológicos da organogênese in vitro em Passiflora cincinnata MAST.
Keywords in Portuguese
ácido giberélico
maracujá
organogênese
raiz
regeneração “in vitro”
regulador de crescimento
Abstract in Portuguese
O avanço da cultura do maracujazeiro no país impulsionado pela agroindústria de suco e a crescente demanda de fruta fresca, acarretou o surgimento de problemas, principalmente de ordem fitossanitária, doenças causadas por fungos, bactérias e vírus. A espécie Passiflora cincinnata Mast. por apresentar resistência à doença da parte aérea causada pela ba ctéria Xanthomonas campestris f. sp. passiflorae e, potencial para a comercialização constitui um genótipo de interesse em programas de melhoramento. Visto que a cultura de tecidos tem sido ferramenta importante nesses programas, o presente projeto visa o estudo aspectos anatômicos e fisiológicos da organogênese in vitro dessa espécie. Os explantes utilizados: segmentos radiculares, discos foliares e a própria plântula, obtidos da germinação de sementes in vitro, foram inoculados em meio contendo diferentes concentrações de 6-BA (6-benziladenina) e acrescido de 5% de água de coco, a fim de estabelecer os protocolos de regeneração de plantas in vitro. A concentração de 0,5 mg.L -1 de 6-BA foi a mais adequada para os três explantes, porém, o tempo e a via (direta/indireta) de formação da gema diferiu para cada tipo de explante. Os eventos histológicos que levaram a formação de um novo órgão, via meristemóides (centros meristemáticos) foram descritos. Nos discos foliares a origem foi indireta, com formação de calo a partir das células subepidérmicas das camadas de parênquima clorofiliano. Nos segmentos de raiz e nas raízes das plântulas, a organogênese direta apresentou duas origens, a partir do periciclo, nas raízes com início da estrutura secundária, e a partir do câmbio vascular, nas raízes com estrutura secundária já estabelecida. Também nos segmentos de raiz observou-se a via indireta, esta a partir da proliferação do periciclo.
Title in English
Anatomical and physiological studies of organogenesis in vitro of Passiflora cincinnata MAST.
Keywords in English
gibberellic acids
growth regulator
organogenesis
passionfruit
regeneration "in vitro"
root
Abstract in English
The progress of passionfruit culture in the country stimulated by the juice agroindustry and due to an increased demand of fresh fruit have brought phytosanitary problems, such as, diseases caused by fungis, bacterium and virus. The Passiflora cincinnata Mast. a resistant specie to Xanthomonas campestris f. sp. Passiflora bacterium shows a potential for commercialization creating an interest genotype in breedings programs. Whereas the tissue culture has been an important instrument for those programs, object of this program is to study the anatomical and physiologycal aspects of organogenesis "in vitro" of this specie. The explants used were: root segments, leaf discs and the seedlings obtained from germination of seeds "in vitro". They were placed in different solutions of 6-BA (benzyladenine) and with 5% of coconut water, in order to establish protocol for plant regeneration "in vitro". The concentration of 0,5 mg.L- 1 of 6-BA was the most adequate for all three explants, but the time and nourishement source (direct/indirect) to the shoots formation differed to each kind of explants. The histological events had lead the formation of a new organ, by meristemoids (meristematic centers) were described. In the leaf discs the indirect origin, was observed in which callus were formatted by the layer of chlorophyll parenchyma subepidermis cells. In the root segments and in the root plantets, the direct organogenesis showed two origins (source), from the pericycle, on the roots that starts at the secondary structure and from vascular cambium, on the roots that had already been established secondary structure. Also the root segments was seen by the indirect way, which callus were formatted by the pericycle proliferation.
 
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Publishing Date
2004-10-05
 
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