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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2010.tde-20102010-104203
Document
Author
Full name
Bruna Nicolosi Franzini Silva Travagin
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Porto, Ernani (President)
Kuaye, Arnaldo Yoshiteru
Sturion, Gilma Lucazechi
Title in Portuguese
Estudo da formação de biofilmes de Listeria monocytogenes frente a diferentes condições encontradas em laticínios
Keywords in Portuguese
Bactérias patogênicas
Biofilme
Laticínios
Listeria.
Abstract in Portuguese
Os biofilmes, especialmente de bactérias patogênicas como Listeria monocytogenes, têm chamado a atenção nos laticínios pelos riscos que implicam ao consumidor, devido aos repetidos surtos causados por ingestão de lácteos contaminados. A legislação brasileira apenas especifica L. monocytogenes em queijos. Além disso, os biofilmes geram problemas econômicos para a indústria e diminuem a eficiência dos agentes sanificantes empregados. O objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar a formação de biofilmes de L. monocytogenes em diferentes tempos, temperaturas, superfícies e resíduos lácteos, bem como a presença de Lactobacillus plantarum como competidor, assim como analisar a eficiência do processo CIP (Clean In Place) de um pasteurizador de leite com quaternário de amônia. As populações bacterianas dos biofilmes foram avaliadas através da técnica do suabe e Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura (MEV). O modelo experimental foi baseado na formação de biofilmes de L. monocytogenes em cupons de aço inoxidável 304, silicone e borracha. Os cupons permaneceram imersos por 10 horas, a 5ºC e 35ºC, em leite UHT integral, desnatado e creme de leite UHT, seguido da incubação em diferentes tempos (0, 18 e 114 horas) e temperaturas (5ºC e 35ºC) para a formação do biofilme. A competição foi realizada em aço inoxidável a 35ºC, nos tempos 0 e 18 horas. O processo CIP teve sua eficiência avaliada na remoção de biofilmes de L. monocytogenes na presença de leite integral e desnatado, simulando a limpeza e sanificação de um pasteurizador de leite. A formação de biofilmes pro L. monocytogenes foi influenciada pela baixa temperatura (5ºC), podendo ocorrer em áreas de refrigeração dos laticínios. O microrganismo é capaz de sobreviver e formar biofilmes por longos períodos nas superfícies de aço inoxidável, silicone e borracha na presença de resíduos de leite integral, desnatado e creme de leite. O crescimento em competição por Lactobacillus plantarum não inibiu a formação de biofilmes por L. monocytogenes e crescimento de células planctônicas. O processo CIP foi eficiente em todas as condições estudadas, eliminando as células de L. monocytogenes.
Title in English
Study os biofilm formation of Listeria monocytogenes to different conditions encountered in dairy industries
Keywords in English
Biofilm
Dairy industries
Listeria.
Patogens bactéria
Abstract in English
The biofilm, especially of pathogenic bacteria Listeria monocytogenes, have been getting the attention in the dairy products for the risks that implicate the consumer, due to the repeated outbreaks caused by ingestion of milky polluted. The Brazilian legislation just specifies L. monocytogenes in cheeses. Besides, the biofilm generate economical problems for the industry and they reduce the agents used sanitizers efficiency. The objective of the work was to evaluate the formation of biofilms of L. monocytogenes in different times, temperatures, surfaces and milky residues, as well as the presence of Lactobacillus plantarum as competitor, as well as analyzing the efficiency of the process CIP (Clean In Place) of a milk pasteurize whit quaternary of ammonium. The bacterial populations of the biofilms were appraised through the technique of the swab and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM).The experimental model was based on the formation of biofilms of L. monocytogenes in coupons of stainless steel 304, silicon and rubber. The coupons stayed immersed by 10 hours, to 5ºC and 35ºC, in skim milk UHT, skimmed and cream of milk UHT, following by the incubation in different times (0, 18 and 114 hours) and temperatures (5ºC and 35ºC) for the formation of the biofilm. The competition was accomplished in stainless steel to 35ºC, in the times 0 and 18 hours. The process CIP had his efficiency appraised in the removal of biofilms of L. monocytogenes in presence of skim milk and skimmed, simulating the cleaning and sanitation of a milk pasteurizer. The biofilmes formation for L. monocytogenes was influenced by the low temperature (5ºC), could happen in areas of cooling of the dairy products. The microorganism is capable of to survive and to form biofilmes for long periods in the surfaces of stainless steel, silicon and eraser in the presence of residues of integral milk, skimmed and cream of milk. The growth in competition for Lactobacillus plantarum didn't inhibit the biofilms formation for L. monocytogenes and growth of cells. The process CIP it was efficient in all of the studied conditions, eliminating the cells of L. monocytogenes.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-11-05
 
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